By A. C. Ewing
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Extra info for A Short Commentary on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
A r e l a t i v i s m of this t y p e m a y best be described as subjective rektivism, the t r u t h b e i n g r e l a t i v e t o the characteristics of the p e r s o n m a k i n g the assertion. T h o u g h a r e l a t i v i s m of this sort has sometimes been accepted w i t h respect to j u d g m e n t s of v a l u e (as uses of the degustibus m a x i m r e m i n d us), i t has r a r e l y been a p p l i e d i n a wholesale m a n n e r w h e n the t r u t h or falsity of j u d g m e n t s of fact is at issue.
Definiteness and Coherence i n Sense-Perception 35 / my discussion of the color of mountains in Philosophy, Science, and Sense Perception, pp. 183-186). Nevertheless, such examples do not alter the fact that there are many other instances in which we do regard objects such as books, or neckties, or dresses, as having a specific color that is sometimes distorted by the illumination or that is not seen because of a lack of illumination. 9. It is lo be noted that when we are looking at an object without artificial illumination and the colors we see are very indefinite, we feeI no hesitation in using artificial illumination to see belter.
T h e i m p o r t a n c e of these p o i n t s f o r w h a t I here w i s h to argue m a y be s u m m a r i l y stated i n the f o l l o w i n g way. I have e n d e a v o r e d t o show that we d o i n fact use a c r i t e r i o n o f coherence as a test of the trustworthiness of p a r t i c u l a r observations; h o w e v e r , o u r use o f such a test m i g h t be supposed t o p r o v e t h a t one c o u l d n o t establish the trustworthiness of any p a r t i c u l a r observation w i t h o u t p r e s u p p o s i n g , o r e x p l i c i t l y i n v o k i n g , a n e t w o r k o f theory to w h i c h the trustworthiness of p a r t i c u l a r observations w o u l d be r e l a t i v e .