Antarctica: Contributions to Global Earth Sciences by Dieter K. Fütterer, Detlef Damaske, Georg Kleinschmidt,

By Dieter K. Fütterer, Detlef Damaske, Georg Kleinschmidt, Hubert Miller, Franz Tessensohn

Sixty articles prepared in 8 thematic sections confer with newest geological and geophysical result of Antarctic study. The Precambrian of the East Antarctic safeguard and its geological historical past is taken into account in addition to sub-ice topography, geophysics and stratigraphy, sedimentology and geophysics of the encompassing Southern Ocean. specific emphasis is given to the relationship of the Antarctic and the encompassing continents while forming a part of Gondwana.

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They contacted directly to OPX felsic gneiss in many places, but interfaced with metamorphosed ultramafic orthopyroxenite when they were shrunk and finished (Fig. 1-3d). They were folded and cut by a dolerite instruction at the SE end. We estimated these layers on a steep cliff between R-38 and R-22 continuing more than 800 m, because the stratum of OPX felsic gneiss at R-38 could be followed until R-22. Where the colour of the OPX felsic gneiss varied to darker at several places, the metaBIF layers might be developed.

Antarctica and Rodinia”, a separate session of the Potsdam meeting, is for future historians to evaluate. References Holmes A (1944) Principles of physical geology. Thomas Nelson & Sons, London Schmidt DL, Williams PL, Nelson WH (1978) Geologic map of the Schmidt Hills quadrangle and part of the Gambacorta Peak quadrangle, Pensacola Mountains, Antarctica, scale 1 : 250000. S. Geol Survey, Washington DC Suess E (1885) Das Antlitz der Erde 1. Tempsky, Wien Tingey RJ (1996) How the South was won – A review of the first 150 years of Antarctic geological exploration.

Ishikawa (2000) summarized geological structures (Fig. 1-1) based on their field and laboratory researches as follows. The metamorphic rocks are divided into the layered gneiss series, occurring in the central to northwestern part of this area, and massive gneiss series in the southern to southeastern part. The layered gneiss is characterized by a layered structure composed of garnet pelitic and mafic gneiss, impure quartzite and metamorphosed banded iron formation (meta-BIF). The massive gneiss mainly consists of massive orthopyroxene (OPX) felsic gneiss.

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