Augustine and the Jews: A Christian Defense of Jews and by Paula Fredriksen

By Paula Fredriksen

EPUB eISBN: 9780300172508
Original ebook (Hardcover w/ Doubleday): 2008
Electronic book (Along w/ Updated/Paperback edition): 2010

Now in paperback with a brand new postscript, this up-to-date version of Paula Fredriksen's significantly acclaimed Augustine and the Jews strains the social and highbrow forces that resulted in the advance of Christian anti-Judaism and indicates how and why Augustine challenged this tradition.

Drawing us into the existence, instances, and regarded Augustine of Hippo (396–430), Fredriksen specializes in the interval of miraculous creativity that resulted in his new figuring out of Paul and to his nice vintage, The Confessions. She exhibits how Augustine's fight to learn the Bible led him to a brand new theological imaginative and prescient, person who countered the anti-Judaism not just of his Manichaean rivals but in addition of his personal church. The Christian Empire, Augustine held, was once correct to prohibit paganism and to coerce heretics. however the resource of historic Jewish scripture and present Jewish perform, he argued, was once the exact same as that of the recent testomony and of the church—namely, God himself. hence, he advised, Jews have been to be left on my own. Conceived as a vividly unique solution to guard Christian rules approximately Jesus and in regards to the previous testomony, Augustine's theological innovation survived the cave in of the Western Roman Empire, and it finally served to guard Jewish lives opposed to the brutality of medieval crusades.

Augustine and the Jews sheds new mild at the origins of Christian anti-Semitism and, via Augustine, opens a course towards greater figuring out among of the world's nice religions.

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Extra resources for Augustine and the Jews: A Christian Defense of Jews and Judaism (Updated Edition)

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He had to receive special dispensation from the senate to stand for election in absentia, since he could not cross the Pomerium and still be eligible for a triumph. His proposal failed in the senate when M. Cato ‹libustered against it until the senate adjourned (Plut. Caes. 2). Caesar was forced to choose between a triumph and the consulship. C. 2), which shows how a political dispute that was part of the process of conferring a triumph could mar the ceremony itself. Or, to put it another way, the ceremony of the triumph evinced the con›ict that was part of the larger political context.

32 The tribal assembly, when convened for the purposes of voting on proposed legislation, usually met in the Forum—in our period, in front of the Temple of Castor (see ‹g. 2)—and voted successively, each tribe taking its turn. The centuriate assembly always met outside the Pomerium in the Campus Martius, whether its purpose was legislative or electoral. 34 The ‹rst tribe to vote (the legislative equivalent to the centuria praerogativa in the electoral assemblies) was determined by lot, but it seems that the presiding magistrate was allowed to choose the ‹rst voter from that ‹rst tribe (principium), whose name was engraved along with that of his tribe on the same bronze tablet that contained the text of the law35 and was later posted on the Capitolium.

Justice in the narrow sense was not what they were after. The fact that the trial took the form of an archaic legal procedure further hindered this narrow enactment of justice. Nonetheless, the very form of a public trial was essential to the process, since it came to be an expression of the sovereignty of the people and thus was the most effective stage for a discourse on the larger issues of the power of the senate and its right to enact the senatus consultum ultimum. But to regard the ceremony as a mere stage for political action obscures the reality of politics in this period, for the ceremony was itself political action.

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